Pelmolen Ter Horst – English

Pelmolen Ter Horst

In Twente, just outside Rijssen, on the river Regge, there is an octagonal tower mill on the De Pelmolen barn. Jan ter Horst built the mill in 1752. The Pelmolen became one of the three most important industrial mills in Twente.

History

On the ground floor in the oil mill, the millers made oil from rape and linseed. When the wind was favorable, they made barley groats on the third floor in the mill. The mill had a favorable location on the river and on the main cart path. This allowed the Pelmolen to supply products throughout the eastern Netherlands and as far as Groningen.

Production was stopped in 1913. One of the descendants, Hein ter Horst, founded the Pelmolen Ter Horst Foundation in 1973. The mill was completely restored and reopened to the public on October 16, 1975. Twente, but also the Netherlands, has gained another unique industrial mill. The foundation board currently has five members, including two descendants of Ter Horst. The millers, supported by the many volunteer millers, maintain and work with the mill.

When the wind is favorable you can see the oil mill in full operation. You will see the production process, how the force of the wind turns the gears to extract oil from the linseed at high pressure. The smell of warm linseed greets you as you enter.

Oliemolens.nl - Pelmolen Ter Horst - Rijssen
Oliemolens.nl - Pelmolen Ter Horst - Rijssen
Oliemolens.nl - Pelmolen Ter Horst - Rijssen

Informatie

Address
Pelmolenpad 9a
7461PT  Rijssen
The Netherlands

Website
Pelmolen Ter Horst

Oliemolens.nl - Google Maps - Locaties

Our locations – English

Where are our mills located?

On this page you will find an overview per province and location of the locations where our windmills are located and you can easily navigate there.

Select a province

Brabant

Deurne – Holtens Molen

Address
Veldstraat  39
5751AA Deurne
The Netherlands

Website
Holtens Molen

Eindhoven – ‘t Coll

Address
Collseweg 3 – 5
5641JN  Eindhoven (Tongelre)
The Netherlands

Website
Collse Molen

Heeswijk Dinther – De Kilsdonkse Molen

Address
Kilsdonkseweg 4-6
5473KK Heeswijk Dinther
The Netherlands

Website
De Kilsdonkse Molen

Drenthe

Roderwolde – Olie en korenmolen Woldzigt

Address
Hoofdstraat 58
9315PC Roderwolde
The Netherlands

Website
Olie- en korenmolen Woldzigt

Zuidlaren Museum De Wachter

Address
Bolwerk 11
9471AT Zuidlaren
The Netherlands

Address
Museum De Wachter

Friesland

Nes – Alexander Musea

Address
Molenweg 10
9163HP Nes (Ameland)
The Netherlands

Website
Amelander Musea

Gelderland

Arnhem – Rosoliemolen te Ziewert

Address
Hoeferlaan 4
6816SG Arnhem
The Netherlands

Website
Rosoliemolen te Zieuwent

Eerbeek – Eerbeekse oliemolen

Address
Kanaalweg 3
6961LW Eerbeek
The Netherlands

Website
Eerbeekse oliemolen

Arnhem – Rosoliemolen te Ziewert

Adres
Hoeferlaan 4
6816SG Arnhem

Website
Rosoliemolen te Zieuwent

Lievelde – Achterhoeks Openluchtmuseum (Erve Kots)

Address
Eimersweg 4
7137HG Lievelde
The Netherlands

Website
Achterhoeks Openluchtmuseum (Erve Kots)

Oldebroek – Molen De Hoop

Address
Zuiderzeestraatweg 252
8096CJ Oldebroek
The Netherlands

Website
Molen De Hoop

Limburg

Nederweert – Windlust

Address
Roeven 14
6031RN Nederweert
The Netherlands

Website
Molendatabase

Nunhem – Leumolen

Address
Leumolen 3
6083BL Nunhem
The Netherlands

Website
Leumolen

Noord Holland

Koog aan de Zaan – Het Pink

Address
Pinkstraat 12
1541HD Koog aan de Zaan
The Netherlands

Address
Het Pink

Zaandam – De Bonte Hen

Address
Kalverringdijk 39,
1509BT Zaandam
The Netherlands

Website
De Bonte Hen

Zaandam – De Ooievaar

Address
D. Sonoyweg 19
1509BR Zaandam
The Netherlands

Website
De Ooievaar

Zaandam – De Zoeker

Address
Kalverringdijk 31
1509BT Zaandam
The Netherlands

Website
De Zoeker

Overijssel

Ambt Delden – Noordmolen Twickel

Address
Noordmolen 5
7495VK Ambt Delden (Hof van Twente)
The Netherlands

Website
Noordmolen Twickel

Haaksbergen – Oostendorper Watermolen

Address
Watermolenweg 3
7481VL Haaksbergen
The Netherlands

Website
Oostendorper Watermolen

Rijssen – Pelmolen Ter Horst

Address
Pelmolenpad 9A
7461PT Rijssen
The Netherlands

Website
Pelmolen Ter Horst

Zwolle – De Passiebloem

Address
Vondelkade 175
8023AD Zwolle
The Netherlands

Website
Oliemolen De Passiebloem

Oliemolens.nl - Logo - Commissie Olieslaan

Home – English

Pressing oil

Oliemolens.nl - De Kilsdonkse Molen - Heeswijk-Dinther

The craft of oil milling has existed for a long time, the first guild for millers and oil butchers was founded before 1629. At the time, oil mills were industrial mills, in almost 1000 oil mills oil butchers processed 100 to 200 tons of seeds annually. During the season people worked day and night in shifts of sometimes up to 16 hours. Seeds from flax (linseed), rapeseed and hemp were ground and pressed, as well as from beech and walnuts, among others.

From 1850 onwards oil was produced in factories in which steam engines drove hydraulic presses. Thus the craft almost completely disappeared. Thanks to individuals, social organizations and governments, both oil mills, knowledge and skills surrounding the craft have been preserved.

Today, the craft is practiced in the same way as in the past by enthusiastic volunteers. Nowadays there is more attention to safety requirements and hearing protection, in the past oil butchers often became ‘noise deaf’.

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The process

The process of oil milling starts with raw materials such as flax seed, linseed or nuts, and with an oil mill that starts moving. If the mill is powered by wind, the miller turns it on; if it is a water mill, the oil mill does this himself. This sets in motion two large round stones in the mill, the edge stones, which roll over a metal platform. Underneath, the oil butcher finely grinds the chosen raw material until flour remains. This flour is heated on a heated plate to about 50 degrees and mixed around. The heat allows the oil to be released from the flour. The warm flour is then poured into bags that are placed between pressing mats and pressure is applied to these full bags using piles and wedges. This causes oil to emerge and can be collected. The residual product remains in the squeezed bags: the ‘cakes’. These are either dried directly into animal feed, or they are pounded and pressed again into flour. Here too, the end product is a cookie.

Oil striking in a water or windmill is a sustainable craft. The oil and residual products are produced in an almost energy-neutral manner and no waste remains.

The oil can be used as a base for soap and paint. Innovative products resulting from the oil include natuleum, an environmentally friendly carboleum, and hardwood oil.

Some mills produce linseed oil in such a way that it is also suitable for human consumption.

Practitioners and stakeholders

Nowadays there is a group of volunteer oil butchers who strike oil in the 19 operational wind and water mills in the Netherlands. The volunteer oil butchers ensure that the craft is preserved and passed on to a new generation. The public is very welcome when oil is being struck. She can take a tour where a volunteer explains the oil-mining process.

Each oil mill has its own internal training, which is fairly easy to follow. The volunteer oil butchers appreciate the craft, among other things, because it takes place in a monument – a historic mill in motion – and because you go from raw material to product in one afternoon: at the end of a shift there is oil and/or linseed oil cakes/linseed meal.

The nomination was made by committed volunteers from the Olie- en korenmolen Woldzigt, Noordmolen Twickel en Oliemolen Eerbeek.

Visit the oil mills of the Netherlands

There are still 20 oil mills in operation in the Netherlands, sometimes maintained and managed by professional millers, but often by volunteers. For the wind and water mills included in this website, you will find the items of the same name in the menu at the top of the website.

Come and see the mills and be amazed by the often beautiful surroundings, the construction, the technology and the story of the millers and oil butchers about their mill and centuries-old profession.

Addition to the Intangible Heritage Netherlands inventory

On December 5, 2017, there was a party for the Dutch millers. The ancient craft of milling has been recognized by UNESCO as Cultural Intangible Heritage. A recognition for an old craft with a bright future. Please see the UNESCO page in this website for more information.

On December 6, 2023, Olieslaan was added to the Intangible Heritage Inventory of the Netherlands. After this new addition, more than 200 forms of intangible heritage have been added to the Intangible Heritage Inventory of the Netherlands, including crafts, festivals and social practices. Entry into the Inventory is a means to help practitioners keep their intangible heritage alive. By adding it to the Inventory, they show that they are working on safeguarding their intangible heritage and working on its visibility.

Three business corridors

Oil can be extracted from flax, linseed, rapeseed and hemp seed and pressed from beech and walnuts, among other things. This happens in the next three operations.

Oliemolens.nl - Kollergang

The first business run

The first operation is the crushing of the seed, this is done on the collet corridor. The coller stones (edging stones) crush the seed into flour. The ironer sweeps the splashing seed back under the stones. Once the seed has been sufficiently bruised, the miller lowers the runner and opens the slide, through which the flour falls into the flour container.

Oliemolens.nl - Vuister

The second business run

The second operation is heating the seed flour. Heating is done on the fist. This is a firebox made of stone covered with a steel plate. On top of this lies a bottomless pan in which the seed flour is heated to approximately 40 degrees. For production for consumption no hotter than 43 degrees Celsius, for other production up to 80 degrees Celsius. When the seed flour has heated up, the oil butcher slides the pan with the contents over the funnels, after which the seed flour falls into the two suspended bags (buul).

Oliemolens.nl - Slagbank

Below is a sketch explaining how the press bench of an oil mill works.

Oliemolens.nl - Slagbank

The third course of action

The third line of business is oil mining. This oil pressing takes place on the press bench. The bagss are placed here between a pressing board and then placed in the pressing bench. By means of a falling hammer, the hammer is driven downwards and driven into the hammer. This puts pressure on the seed flower. This becomes liquid, causing the oil to be squeezed out of the bags and collected in containers.

Oliemolens.nl - Lijnzaadolie

The final product

The oil always contains dust from the base product. The oil is stored in barrels to settle. This takes several weeks. The oil is then drained above the sediment, resulting in clear oil as shown above. In this case linseed oil.

If oil is preferably stored in a dark place, such as in a cupboard, it can be stored for years without deterioration occurring. Flaxseed oil for consumption can be stored in this way for more than 10 years.